She sends wild crows to peck their eyes out, but the Scarecrow kills them by breaking their necks. Building on Carroll's style of numerous images accompanying the text, Baum combined the conventional features of a and with the well-known things in his readers' lives and. Finally, she uses the power of the Golden Cap to send the to capture Dorothy, Toto, and the Cowardly Lion, unstuff the Scarecrow, and dent the Tin Woodman. Each lost appendage was replaced with tin until the Woodman was made entirely of metal. The Good Witch of the North comes with the Munchkins to greet Dorothy and gives Dorothy the Silver Shoes that the Wicked Witch of the East had been wearing when she was killed. When the Populists convened two weeks later, they decided to endorse Bryan, putting all their reformist eggs in the free-silver basket.
The Old Woman made a pact with the Wicked Witch of the West, to stop the marriage that cursed the Tin Woodsman. The Wizard is simply a manipulative politician who appears to the people in one form, but works behind the scenes to achieve his true ends. Baum agreed with authors such as Carroll that fantasy literature was important for children, along with numerous illustrations, but he also wanted to create a story that had recognizable American elements in it, such as farming and industrialization. William McKinley ran for president on a protectionist plank. Coxey, who hoped to meet with President Cleveland, was arrested for trespassing, and his proposals were ignored. A number of analogies are admittedly subject to more than one interpretation, and I make no claim that Baum himself intended each one. Littlefield linked the characters and the story line of the Oz tale to the political landscape of the Mauve Decade.
This Witch is also a cruel enslaver, and she appears to represent a composite of the malign forces of nature that plagued farmers in the Midwest and the power brokers of that region. Gardner, Martin, and Russel B. But Dorothy threw a bucket of water on the Witch, who promptly melted into nothingness. The Yellow Brick Road, with allits dangers, was the gold standard that bankers andbusinessmen supported as means to maintain theireconomic power. Each one is called to see the Wizard.
According toLittlefield, this is a reference to thedepression of the 1890s that hadclosed many factories and leftlarge numbers of workersunemployed. The good witches are from those parts of thecountry where the Populists had the greatest influence—the Midwest and the South. The farmer who goes forth in the morning and toils all day, begins in the spring and toils all summer, and by the application of brain and muscle to the natural resources of this country creates wealth, is as much a businessman as the man who goes upon the Board of Trade and bets upon the price of grain. In the end, she gets back to Kansas by drawing from the power of her silver shoes, which she had from the moment she landed in Oz. Dorothy embraces her friends, all of whom will be returned to their new kingdoms through Glinda's three uses of the Golden Cap: the Scarecrow to the Emerald City, the Tin Woodman to the Winkie Country, and the Lion to the forest; after which the cap shall be given to the King of the Winged Monkeys, freeing them.
Baum was born in 1856 in New York and started writing at a young age. The Cowardly Lion middle left William Jennings Bryan, the wonderful orator but unsuccessful politician. The witches in the novel were influenced by witch-hunting research gathered by Baum's mother-in-law, Matilda. He says he also wants to amend this platform so as to provide that if we fail to maintain the parity within a year that we will then suspend the coinage of silver. These creatures represent the Plains Indians.
For example, she helps Dorothy Gale to go back home in exchange for the Golden Cap. They complain about the plank which declares against the life tenure in office. I stand with Jefferson rather than with them, and tell them, as he did, that the issue of money is a function of the government and that the banks should go out of the governing business. It is packed with great quotations which make for a powerful argument for the need to reform the money system. According to that interpretation, the different characters represent different real life people and sogial segments from the 19th century United States of America.
But it could have taken place at any historically recorded time point in which the practice of hot air ballooning, the settlement of Kansas, and the use of spectacles overlapped. It was only with the Winged Monkeys that the Witch appeared to have won the battle against the five friends. Likewise, in the transition from political economic theory to political economic realities, arguments for free coinage of silver ended in 1900 , which was the year in which The Wizard of Oz was published. Is it no wonder that the Witch's life, and the slings and arrows of outrageous nature, can be ended with a bucket of lifesaving water? As the friends travel across the Winkie Country, the Wicked Witch sends wolves, crows, bees, and then her Winkie soldiers to attack them but they manage to get past them all. Dorothy Gale is the book's main character, but she is not alone in doing great deeds or ho … lding great powers. The Scarecrow is the American farmer , who has much more common sense than educated brains.
He wished to make something captivating for the window displays, so he used an eclectic assortment of scraps to craft a striking figure. In 1896, with farm foreclosures, and labor unemployment and discord growing alarmingly, the silver advocates took over the Democratic Party, gaining its nomination for Bryan, a dynamic congressman from Nebraska. Most of the green imagery in Oz is general in nature and does not appear to indicate specific parallels. The Tin man or industrial workers and Unions were particularly criticized by Baum. In this passage, Baumreveals his opinion that the railroad barons and bankerbosses fed off of the innocence of the nation Dorothy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Each one of them respectively has a strong desire to get back hom … e or to find courage, a heart and brains. Near the end of the story, he slays a spiderlike monster that is terrorizing the animals of the forest. Likewise, the cowardly lion roared loudly and was listened to by most. Apart from intentional symbolism, scholars have speculated on the sources of Baum's ideas and imagery. Can the government give you a heart and soul, or Courage or a brain to think for yourself? It was not until the book entered the public domain in 1956 that new editions, either with the original color plates, or new illustrations, proliferated. The Wicked Witch successfully tricks Dorothy out of one of her Silver Shoes. The falling house kills t … he ruler of the Munchkins, the Wicked Witch of the East.
Many believe through his drawings that specific symbols were certain, but this is still up to you, the reader, to interpret on your own. The Stork: The Stork, only appearing in the book, saves the Scarecrow form the river after he is left hanging on a stick. Did the certificate give the scarecrow brains? As he worked, his ax would take flight and cut off part of his body. Dorothy was searching for love and a … ttention, which she already had unbeknownst to her. It has since seen several reprints, most often under the title The Wizard of Oz, which is the title of the popular as well as the iconic.