The British Army was used to European-style, open field, line against line battles. The Hessians retreated successfully, but the Battle of Trenton had finally begun. Remember that just a few months earlier, especially after the defeat of the Americans in the Battle of White Plains, both the Americans and the British felt that the war was all-but over, with the Americans defeated, demoralized and practically without a single victory in the previous 6 months. An 18th century version of urban warfare erupted as the rattled but determined Gen. Battle of Trenton on 26th December 1776 in the American Revolutionary War: picture by Charles McBarron In his force, Washington led some 2,400 men from Virginia, Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut and New York.
Rahl was mortally wounded in subsequent house-to-house fighting. In reality, Colonel Rahl believed that was the attack that he had heard about and retired for the night after hearing the news. The army would cross the Delaware River near Trenton and would then split into two parts — one led by Greene and other by Sullivan. Battle of Trenton A scene depicting the Battle of Trenton, December 26, 1776. The deployment of German troops provided the Americans with a useful propaganda tool. Letters such as this one from Sarah surely provided a lift for the remaining troops who marched resolutely toward Trenton.
The mistakes, good decisions and bad decisions at Trenton form a microcosm of why the British would go on to lose the war. Washington's World: Locate Nassau Hall and other Washington related sites in our 9. With little time left in his current army's one-year enlistment period, Washington resolved to try an attack on Trenton. Morale among the troops was low, and Washington realized that his army needed a victory quickly. Washington still inspired a core group of patriots however.
Military officers bear a lofty responsibility. Washington was able to achieve the surprise attack that he had planned. As they saw it, the colonists were there to make Britain money and provide a hedge against French, Spanish and Dutch interests in the hemisphere. He chose that date because the Hessians would be having fun with their families and would not have as much people working on duty rather than on normal days when their are a lot of guards or soldier … s on duty. They used artillery from Fr. Communication was the lifeline for the Americans.
The March to Trenton Nature wasn't especially advantageous for the Americans on the way to the Battle of Trenton. They brutally executed him with a jab of a bayonet and smashing his head with a musket. Falling back to a field outside of town with the remnants of the Rall and Lossberg regiments, Rall began a counterattack against the American lines. The British had a second chance had they only defended Trenton, but it was not to be. Washington knew that he needed to cut off all means of retreat for the Hessians. They won the Trenton battle because George Washington planned a surprise attack on December 25, 1776.
The Hessian infantry wore blue coats and retained the Prussian style grenadier mitre cap with brass front plate. Casualties at the Battle of Trenton: The Americans suffered 4 wounded casualties. The British still thought of them as mere subjects. Sullivan's troops began firing, and Rall was mortally wounded in the process. The Battle of Trenton lasted for only one hour. He is highly praised for bringing men, horses and artillery across the river without loss. Washington knew of a garrison of Hessians nearby at Trenton, and planned an attack for December 26, immediately after Christmas Day.
The plan was to cross the Delaware at three points: one with a Rhode Island regiment accompanied by Pennsylvania and Delaware troops, a second under Brig. American Preparations General George Washington and the Americans had been soundly defeated in New York and now were retreating through New Jersey. However, on December 30 he crossed back into New Jersey with an army of 2,000. Hessian Preparations Hessians arrived at the town of Trenton on December 14th to form their winter quarters. The Plan The American plan hinged on the ability to make three simultaneous strikes. General Hugh Mercer, a close friend of Washington, led a contingent of 300 men toward the British position in the first part of the Battle of Princeton. This attack was nothing more than a Red Herring.
Congress moved here from Philadelphia to avoid the risk of mutinous Continental army officers in and near Philadelphia. When the Americans boldly met them head on, the Hessians realized they had miscalculated and began withdrawing their troops. When they were stuck in the muddy roads with only a few men, Gen. This slowed Washington but, at the same time, increased the element of surprise. Washington thereby decided not to pursue the enemy and to hold Trenton but to retreat to the Pennsylvania side of the Delaware River.