Social Reforms: Though Vivekananda had not initiated any particular social reform but his speeches and writings were full of messages against all kinds of social and religious evils. Under their inspiration the Theosophical Society of India came into being at Adyar in Madras in 1886. Remember the 3 law of conservation First one is the law of conservation of matter state of matter that is cannot be created or destroyed. The society was greatly influenced by the Indian doctrine of karma. K Deodhar 1909 Pune Social Service League N. The society believed in reincarnation, theory of karma, transmigration of soul, and drew inspiration from philosophy of Upanishads and also from different schools of thought like Yoga, Vedanta etc.
Raja Rammohan Roy and the Brahmo Samaj Raja Rammohan RoyRaja Rammohan Roy established the Brahmo Samaj at Calcutta in 1828 in order to purify Hinduism and to preach monotheism. The philosophical and learned tradition of the Firangi Mahal in Lucknow was incorporated into the new educational syllabus and propagated throughout India during 19th century. Thus, Jyotiba Phule devoted his whole life for the weaker and depressed section of society; in his thinking and works he was well ahead of his times. And it is expected that they all should live in harmony and without discrimination; ideal situation is when there is equality, freedom and brotherhood among all sections of society. It became popular after joined. These discriminatory and exploitative practices take the form of social evils in the long run and become a scar on the face of any civilized society.
Karve took up the cause of widow remarriage and in Madras Veerasalingam Pantulu made Herculean efforts in the same direction. At the age of 87 on 5 September, 1997 she died in Kolkata due to various old age problems. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. He criticised the prevailing religious practices of orthodox Hinduism. The Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College was established at Aligarh in 1875 to train the minds of the Muslim youths, so as to forget the ideology of conservatism. Rammohan Roy represented the first glimmerings of the rise of national consciousness in India. Different religions were all different roads to reach the same God.
Annie Besant joined the society in England in 1889 and came to India in 1893 after death of Balvatsky. The Intellectuals Movement of 19th century had its own limitations in terms of impact, extent and achievements and it could not achieve any spectacular success. Work and Reforms: Raja Ram Mohan Roy was very open minded and was of very questioning brains. Saiyad Ahmad Khan revolutionized the religious and the political outlook of the Muslims, affected boldly a change in the method and carried out social reforms in the Muslim community. The Theosophists discovered that the Hindu Upanishads were the storehouse of wisdom for the realization of the absolute truth and divinity. Thus, the peasant movement got associated with the national movement.
And to gain strength he suggested physical exercise or attaining of knowledge. They were imprisoned and their properties were seized. She had joined the society in 1889. Annie Besant was the founder of the Central Hindu College in Banaras, which later developed into the Banaras Hindu University. Rather the focus was on improving and reshaping their lives according to the new standards.
Schools for girls were set up. The Brahmo Samaj came out of the Hindu fold and found it easy to attack the social and religious evils from outside. At Sanskrit College, Calcutta he studied Literature, Sanskrit Grammar, Law and Astronomy etc. Gandhi led nationwide campaigns to ease poverty, expand women's rights, build religious and ethnic amity, end untouchability, and increase economic self-reliance. Some of them failed to emphasize or even recognize that colonial rule was inimical to the interests of the Indian people.
Ahmadiya Movement and the Aligarh Movement: This new awakening generated by the Theosophical Society influenced the Indian Muslims to a great extent. He was very much influenced by western progressive thoughts. Under his leadership the Mahars started burning Manusmriti and tried to break with the Hinduism. Dayanand published his views in his famous work Satyartha Prakash the true expositions in Hindi. They quickly realised the faults in the social and religious characteristics of society and thus several ideas of reform first arose amongst them.
The less accessible were rejected and parallel were compiled. Growth of the Press : Most reformers started journals of their own. These systems were traditional in nature and satisfied the needs of the tribals. But Baba Amte was always a liberal in his thinking and used to be with friends of all castes and religions. They found it immoral and unsafe.
It campaigned against orthodoxy in religion. M Joshi 1911 Bombay Seva Samiti H. Deoband Movement : It was an important Revivalist Movement founded in 1867 by two theologians Muhammd Qasim Nanatavi and Rashid Ahmad Gangohi at Deoband, Shahranpur in 1866 with two main objectives: a Popularizing the teachings of Kuran and Hadis b To initiate Jihad against foreign rule It discouraged English education and criticized western culture and trained students for preaching Islamic faith. The Swami worked actively for the regeneration of India. At the age of 18 years Anjeze Bojaxhiu decided to become a nun and she joined the Loreto Sister of Dublin. She wrote about the unequal treatment meted out to the women of India.
He was opposed to the domination of the Brahmins and started the practice of conducting marriages without Brahmin priests. It was against the predominance of the Brahmins in education, government services and politics. List of Social and Religious Movements in India Down here is the detailed list of Social and Religious Movements in India listed along with the founder, year and place of origin. It was an anti-British movement that aimed at the uplifting the Muslims through educational efforts. Dayanand Saraswati and the Arya Samaj : Another organisation in northern India which aimed to strengthen Hinduism through reform was the Arya Samaj.