She denied that she had existed before becoming a nun, defended with her blood the doctrine of the which states that the was begotten without sin , and turned to penance and self-sacrifice. Indeed this did occur at least once during the years Sor Juana spent at the convent of San Jerónimo. The indigenous portion of the population was the largest, whereas Spaniards migrating from Europe formed only a small, privileged segment at the very top of the social pyramid. Abuse of Power The theme of abuse of power is correlated with the theme of. By adolescence, she had comprehensively studied Greek logic, and was teaching Latin to young children at age 13 www. In his book, Paz makes a thorough analysis of Sor Juana's poetry and traces some of her influences to the Spanish writers of the and the Hermetic tradition, mainly derived from the works of a noted scholar of her era,. Her death from the plague on April 17, 1695, contributed to the demise of the Baroque era in Spanish-.
New York: W W Norton. Her intelligence brought her to the attention of the Viceroy of New Spain, and at the age of sixteen Juana became a lady-in-waiting to the Viceroy's wife, the Marquesa de Mancera. No one wishes to admit inferiority of reason. At the age of nineteen she temporarily entered the convent of San José de las Carmelitas Descalzas, but withdrew, probably shocked by the severity of that Order. For an account of feminist approaches to Sor Juana's work, see Stephanie Merrim, ed. I believe that all she is trying to accomplish in this response is the gain of respect and be viewed as an intellectual woman with a desire to learn freely as any man of this time. An attack on Vieyra was an oblique attack on Aguiar.
It might be interesting to go through a lot of the double standards we have today and address them in the times of De La Cruz and even apply them to the role of the nun. For the love of God and his Most Holy Mother, I entreat my beloved sisters the nuns, who are here now and who shall be in the future, to commend me to God, for I have been and am the worst among them. In 1667, Juana left her life at court to enter the Convent of the Discalced Carmelites. Cruz was a Cuban singer who was celebrated internationally for many years as the Queen of Salsa Music. Studying, writing, and teaching privately, however, are not only permissible, but are in fact desirable.
She also mentions the jealousy and wrath brought about by her literary acclaim. La cultura del barroco español e iberoamericano y su contexto europeo. She also lived together with her. One particular example she has used is that of Peter who gained knowledge and was executed. Jerome—the patron saint of her order—who found their way to Heaven precisely through the concerted study of the mysteries of life on Earth. When an epidemic struck her convent, Sor Juana spent her time nursing the sick, and eventually died of the plague herself in 1695.
In contrast, the Eastern segment of Europe was beset by autocratic rulers and corrupt administrative systems. She chose this life style to focus more on her religious studies while at the same time, learning everything else she possibly could. We can observe this in two ways. I took orders because it seemed honorable, would tend to my salvation, and humbled my pride in the temptations offered by my intellectual ability. She chose not to enter that order, which had strict rules. By beginning with this she is immediately asserting how unimportant she is. In the 1600s, she defended her right to be an intellectual, suggesting that women should be educated and educators and accusing men of being the cause of the very ills they blamed on women.
If the same thing happened to a nun today, or even just a traditional woman, how would she write the letter? In her spare time, in the privacy of her quarters, Sor Juana was able to read from her extensive library—said to contain more than 5,000 volumes—study the stars and the movements of the heavens with her astronomical instruments, compose poetry and drama, play her , and engage in an extensive correspondence, most of it lost to time. As far as the role of women goes, there are so many double standards. Sister Juana educated herself in her own library, which was mostly inherited from her grandfather. Estábamos pensando entonces enlos agentes de cambio: profesores, predicadores,asesores, conferencistas, entrenadores en cienciasdel comportamiento y muchas otras personas quetrabajan para tocar los corazones con mensajes detolerancia, respeto, amor y paz. The protagonist of the story, Dona Leonor, fits the perfectly. Students will be asked to consider these questions following their study of the historical background: To whom is this letter really being directed? México: Universidad Autónoma Nuevo León, 2010.
She to also is captured by… Antecedentes históricos: Uno de los primeros dispositivos mecánicos fue el ábaco. I will ask your correction of any further writing I do. Is his opinion one of the revealed precepts of Holy Faith, that we should have to believe it blindly? Her verse has never been found indecent and was always written at the request of others. Give a solid historical background for this part of the lesson so that students understand the significance and the tone of the letter. When she turned sixteen, she was sent to Mexico City, were she pleaded her mother to let her disguise herself as.
Sor Juana initially begins with stating how grateful she is to be hearing from Sor Filotea de la Cruz and how she feels that she has nothing meaningful to say to Sor Filotea. The Routledge Research Companion to the Works of Sor Juana Inéz de la Cruz. The door to learning then burst open -- the young prodigy would embark upon a life shaped and shaken by intellectual inquiry. She continues to try to make life difficult for Schuyler, when she has time in between Bonding dress fittings. Sor Juana relates how her desire for learning has permeated her entire life, describes her challenging process of self-education, and tells us also of the opposition she faced from those who wanted her to stop her studies. I think that a guy should know how to do his laundry, cook, and even sew, however, when I find a guy that does that I find myself shocked.
While looking after her sick sisters, she contracted the disease and died at four in the morning of 17th April, aged 46 years and five months. Is not my mind, such as it is, as free as his, considering their common origin? © Maribeth Impson and Reflected Light, May 2009-present. Note that students will require computer and Internet access to complete this activity. As I found out before Juana became Sor, which is sister of the church in Spanish, she was a highly educated, well read girl, who wrote many poems, and plays, and the biased views current society had on women, compared to men. She was the 'illegitimate' daughter of a criolla mother Doña Isabel Ramírez de Santillana and a Biscayan father Pedro Manuel de Asbaje , and her four sisters and a brother some of them by a different father were also illegitimate. She has been recognized for her works as an epitome of baroque Spanish literature and the first feminist writer in the new in the contemporary world.
To finish, you can ask students to write a brief response about what they learned. This proves that she does not see herself as someone that holds any type of intellectual standing even though someone as seemingly very important to her is comparing her to Athena. She expresses some awe and dread in taking upon herself the commentary on Scripture, for she notes that secular art is not punished for heresy in the same way that theological writing would be. Students can be creative with their timelines, using different colors, images, or create a collage. Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz by Born Juana Inés de Asbaje y Ramírez de Santillana 12 November 1648 , , Died 17 April 1695 1695-04-17 aged 46 , New Spain, Spanish Empire Occupation Nun, poet, writer Nationality Literary movement Relatives Pedro Manuel de Asbaje and Isabel Ramírez parents Signature Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, English: Sister Joan Agnes of the Cross; 12 November 1648 — 17 April 1695 , was a self-taught scholar and student of scientific thought, , , and of the school, and of. She moved two years later to enter the more lenient Order of St.