The primary cause of the revolution was the disputes over the peoples' differing ideas of reform. The Revolution led to many changes in France, which at the time of the Revolution was the most powerful state in Europe. In the War, Charles Albert got defeated in the hands of Austria and once again the Northern States of Italy went under Austrian rule. The writings of the philosophes such as Voltaire. There were two areas, however, in which the nobility enjoyed important institutional privileges: the upper ranks of the army and the clergy were, in the main, aristocratic preserves and had become more so in the 1780s.
He adapted the policy of borrowing in order to meet the expenditure of the royal court. Land belonging to the Roman Catholic Church was also exempt from taxes. His methods were brutal but efficient, and helped spread the developing creed through many parts of France. His defective foreign policy weakened the economic condition of France. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
The Society was ready to explode in Revolution. As a result,they joined together and held reform banquets where they couldvoice their thoughts and opinions and listen to others. The Leading Causes of the French Revolution Thesis: The inequality between estates, the rising prices in bread, and the creation of the Tennis Court Oath were all main causes of the French Revolution. During that period, the economic condition of France became weak. It was also pervasive among the ranks of the. The political situation seemed to be going backwards.
They had an intense hatred towards the higher clergy for their fabulous wealth and privileges. He was an efficient, hard-working and confident ruler. Although France in 1785 faced economic difficulties, mostly concerning the equitability of taxation, it was one of the richest and most powerful nations of Europe. There are many events that led up to the cause of the American Revolution. Frequent elections bred apathy, and filling offices by nomination became commonplace even before Napoleon made it systematic.
From about 1770, this trend slackened, and economic crises, provoking alarm and even revolt, became frequent. The American Revolution demonstrated that it was plausible for Enlightenment ideas about how a government should be organized could actually be put into practice. The French Revolution officially began with an action, the Storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789. On balance, however, it is hard to see how the monarchy, even if it had resolved its financial problems, which it was very far from doing, could have extended this ecumenism from art to politics and social life. He would have absolutely nothing to do with his official duties as king, and his horribly decadent lifestyle contributed greatly to the economic plight France was in. The first of the general causes was the social structure of the West.
The French people lacked political involvement. They included abolishing lots of taxes and replacing them with a land tax to be paid by everyone, including the previously exempt nobles. The nobility and the clergy rejected proposals to increase royal revenue that would force them to begin paying taxes. And Orwell was one to speak of how he sees the battle to be. There were also various class orders of people that participated in various ways in propelling the nation into a Revolution, with direct and indirect actions. Before the beginning of the Revolution, only moderate reforms were wanted by the people. The members of the Third Estate formed the National Assembly to force the king to make reforms.
The Storming of the Bastille The Beginning of the French Revolution Author: Unknown When did it take place? Discussions proved fruitless and, eventually, Calonne was replaced with Brienne, who tried again before dismissing the Assembly in May. As a result, food riots took place. Political Cause: During the eighteen the Century France was the centre of autocratic monarchy. It was atheistic, but celebrated different core principles according to locale and leadership: most famous was , but others were , , and the victory of the Revolution. It questioned the authority of kings, priests, and nobles. The Third estate was the most displease of all the others.
Alone, these causes would not have led to revolution. The lower Clergies and the provincial nobles also joined their hands with the common people along with the bourgeoisie. He recalled the Paris parlement and made it clear he was just tiding the nation over until the Estates General met. Who gets to make decisions for others, and on what authority? Activities Take a ten question about this page. As population increased during the 18th century, peasant landholdings tended to become smaller, and the gap between rich and poor grew.
The society was also enlightened by philosophers. While the Enlightenment provided many of the high ideals and political philosophy that opposed the existing French order, popular literature in the streets of Paris - nicknamed Grub Street literature - gave voice to the popular anger at the opulence and ineffectiveness of France's rulers. The underlying cause of this revolution was the financial system and debts the French government held to. The Revolution led to the development of new political forces such as democracy and nationalism. The rent was to high, and the price on bread was above people's economic ability to pay doc. Also, the government had borrowed to fight Great Britain in the Seven Years' War and to help the Americans in the Revolutionary War.