Elle permet de faire une requête avec plusieurs mots clés que vous pouvez associer à des opérateurs. And what can I say of the gentleness and humanity of our people, who, even in battle, after having gained the victory, put forth their greatest effort and care to save the greatest possible number of the conquered and to protect them from the cruelty of their allies? Sepúlveda, Juan Ginés de Filosofo e storico spagnolo Mariano presso Pozoblanco, Cordova, 1490-ivi 1573. Entre 1510 y 1515 estudia en la Universidad de Alcalá, donde alcanza los grados de bachiller en Artes y Teología. Tous droits de propriété industrielle et intellectuelle réservés. Those who surpass the rest in prudence and talent, although not in physical strength, are by nature the masters. They placed these hearts on their abominable altars.
Therefore, if there were to be found in the New World some enlightened people, civilized and humane, who worshiped not idols but the true God according to the law of nature. One who condones the rule of a prince or nation over his or its citizens and subjects, Leopold, must not therefore have it thought that he approves of the sins of all their prefects and ministers. In regard to their virtues, how much restraint or gentleness are you to expect of men who are devoted to all kinds of intemperate acts and abominable lewdness, including the eating of human flesh? A few days ago, while I was strolling with some other friends in the palace of Prince Philip, Hernan Cortes, the Marquis del Valle, happened to pass, and upon seeing him, we began to speak at length about the deeds which he and others of the Emperor's captains had accomplished in those lands to the west which were completely unknown to the ancient inhabitants of our world. Retrouvez-les ensuite dans votre espace personnel Mon Universalis. In 1533 and 1534 Sepúlveda wrote to from Rome concerning differences between Erasmus's Greek and the.
But what happens if a ruler, moved not by avarice or thirst for power, but by the narrowness of the borders of his state or by its poverty, should wage war upon his neighbors in order to seize their fields as an almost necessary prize? Recurriendo a Aristóteles, Sepúlveda justifica el dominio español por la natural inferioridad y barbarie de los indios. I wish to make it clear that one should search not only in Christians and in the writings of the New Testament, but also in those philosophers whom we judge to have dealt most wisely with nature and the customs and governments of all societies, especially in the writings of Aristotle, whose precepts, except for a few opinions referring to matters beyond the capacity of human understanding, and which man can understand only through divine revelation, have been received by posterity with such unanimous approval that they no longer seem to be the words of a single philosopher, but the decisions and opinions held in common by all wise men. They lived as servants of the king and at his mercy, paying extremely large tributes. The Indians reacted to newcomers in an aggressive way because of the past harm that people had brought upon their civilization such as bringing diseases which killed hundreds of their population. Ayuntamiento de Pozoblanco, a través de un comité patrocinador presidido por Antonio Fernández Ramírez, Alcalde de Pozoblanco.
Compare, then, these gifts of prudence, talent, magnanimity, temperance, humanity, and religion with those possessed by these half-men homunculi , in whom you will barely find the vestiges of humanity, who not only do not possess any learning at all, but are not even literate or in possession of any monument to their history except for some obscure and vague reminiscences of several things put down in various paintings; nor do they have written laws, but barbarian institutions and customs. The fact that this condition is not the result of coercion but is voluntary and spontaneous is a certain sign of the servile and base spirit of these barbarians. When pagans are nothing more than pagans, and cannot be accused of anything more than not being Christians, which is what we call disbelief, there is no just reason to punish them or attack them with arms. Pope Alexander wanted the Indians to be sufficiently disposed to embrace the Catholic faith and be trained in good morals. Although human sacrifice is evil, Las Casas declares that indiscriminate warfare is more evil. Moreno Hernández, traducción de, Ayuntamiento de Pozoblanco, Pozoblanco 1997, 237 págs.
Even in this form you will find very few people who observe natural law. In contrast, the Indians were able to learn new ways from the Spaniards such as getting new weapons to protect themselves with, learn about the sciences, record keeping, and the alphabet. Paul says, and how are they to be sent if these barbarians are not conquered first? What difference do you find between having nature force one under the rule of another and being a slave by nature? Las Casas, one of the inspirers of the New Laws, immediately sailed back to Spain to repel the assault of those among the Spanish intelligentsia who sided with the conquistadores and justified the killing and oppression of the Indians. Sepulveda sees this as disgusting and unimaginable for a human being. It would be easy to enumerate here the many wars waged by the Greeks and Romans for this reason, with much approval from the people, whose consensus must be considered to be a law of nature.
Frente a ello propone una vuelta a la filosofía y a Aristóteles en particular. But on the other hand, they have established their nation in such a way that no one possesses anything individually, neither a house nor a field, which he can leave to his heirs in his will, for everything belongs to their Masters whom, with improper nomenclature, they call kings, and by whose whims they live, more than by their own, ready to do the bidding and desire of these rulers and possessing no liberty. Champion of Slavers and Landowners Sepúlveda was one of them. These assertions in regard to some but not all Amerindians were made in Democrates alter de justis belli causis apud Indos A Second Democritus: on the just causes of war with Indians Rome, 1550. There are other causes of just wars less clear and less frequent, but not therefore less just or based any less on natural and divine law, and one of them is the conquest by arms, if no other way is possible, of those who by natural condition must obey others and refuse to do so. If we seek the truth, Leopold, and heed only what is sought by reason and natural order, we shall have to say that sovereignty should always be in the hands of the wisest and most prudent, because the only true realm is one that is always governed by very prudent men and those who look after the welfare of the people.
When a father died, all his inheritance, if the king did not decide otherwise, passed in its entirety to the oldest son, with the result that many of the younger sons would either die of starvation or subject themselves to an even more rigorous servitude. In Speaking in Tongues written by Zadie Smith, she talks about her own experience. Outlines Sepúlveda's argument that the virtues prized by the military profession, such as fortitude, magnanimity, and the appetite for glory, are compatible with and even inherent in Christian doctrine. In the sixteenth century many looked upon the Indians as an uncivilized society because of their different ways of living. Brufau Prats, edición crítica y traducción A. Cette option vous permet aussi d'éditer les articles sauvegardés. Sepúlveda muere el 17 de noviembre de 1573.
Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda was a 16th-century Spanish humanist theologian. In sum, both the Spaniards and the Indians were two very distinct groups of people with different views, but based upon the experiences of other individuals the Indian civilization was seen as barbaric. Casas supports his argument and beliefs with the Christian faith and the beliefs of the church. Las Casas came to Hispaniola, in the Caribbean, in 1502 with a land grant, ready to seek his fortune. His efforts to end the encomienda system of land ownership and forced labor culminated in 1550, when Charles V convened the Council of Valladolid in Spain to consider whether Spanish colonists had the right to enslave Indians and take their lands.
En su libro Antapollogia puso en duda las doctrinas de Erasmo, y más tarde tradujo algunas obras de Aristóteles, entre ellas la Política. Due to the reason of not understanding the ways of the Indians Spaniards such as Sepulveda came to conclusions that were unjust to the Indians. Disponible uniquement pour les utilisateurs ayant un accès personnalisé. A printer-friendly version is available. Sommaire Sommaire Situé en bas à droite de la fenêtre, ce bouton permet l'affichage du sommaire au fil de la lecture. Tales ideas le enfrentaron con , con quien sostuvo varias polémicas en la Junta de Teólogos de Valladolid que convocó el monarca en 1550 para definir los límites de la «guerra justa» y el trato que merecían los indígenas.