Some of the reformers took up the challenges of breaking the jinx of prevailing caste-system while some fought for the introduction of girls'-education and widow remarriage. She propagated Vedic philosophy and urged Indians to take pride in their culture. Dayanand Saraswati was a reformer and believed in pragmatism. He showed a religious bent of mind from his childhood. He was the pioneer of satyagraha—resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, firmly founded upon ahimsa or total non violence—which led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. A literary institution all by himself.
Different religions were all different roads to reach the same God. Journalistic Contributions Ram Mohan Roy was a staunch supporter of free speech and expression. But Mahatma Jyotiba Phule was a visionary much ahead of his times. He was also called as the Father of The Nation and was an eminent spiritual and political of India during the struggle of independence movement. One of the finest civil engineers of 19 th cent.
Its leader was Henry Vivian Derozio, a teacher of the Hindu College. Das have held that Kabir is the first Indian saint to have harmonised and Islam by preaching a universal path which both Hindus and Muslims could tread together. King Shahu Chhatrapati was considered as a true democrat and social reformer. Sister Nivedita — Sister Nivedita was a Scots-Irish social worker, author, teacher and a disciple of Swami Vivekananda. Kandukuri Veeresalingam for main article go to : 16 April 1848 - 27 May 1919 was a social reformer who first brought about a renaissance in Telugu people and Telugu literature.
Annie Besant for main article go to October 1, 1847 — September 20, 1933 was a prominent theosophist, women's rights activist, writer and orator and supporter of Irish and Indian self rule. Kandukuri Veeresalingam was renowned scholar and a versatile intellectual who stood strongly for several social causes, like widow remarriages and abolition of child marriages. Led communist movements in Andhra and beyond for many decades. As one of the founders of the Non-aligned Movement, he was also an important figure in the international politics of the post-war era. In honour of his social initiatives a well known national and international award called has been instituted by the.
Produced several well-known translations of medieval Telugu poetry in English. Born: August 14, 1774 Place of Birth: Radhanagar village, Hoogly district, Bengal Presidency now West Bengal Parents: Ramakanta Roy Father and Tarini Devi Mother Spouse: Uma Devi 3rd wife Children: Radhaprasad and Ramaprasad Education: Persian and Urdu in Patna; Sanskrit in Varanasi; English in Kolkata Movement: Bengal Renaissance Religious Views: Hinduism early life and Brahmoism later in life Publications: Tuhfat-ul-Muwahhidinor A Gift to Monotheists 1905 , Vedanta 1815 , Ishopanishad 1816 , Kathopanishad 1817 , Moonduk Upanishad 1819 , The Precepts of Jesus - Guide to Peace and Happiness 1820 , Sambad Kaumudi - a Bengali newspaper 1821 , Mirat-ul-Akbar - Persian journal 1822 , Gaudiya Vyakaran 1826 , Brahmapasona 1828 , Brahmasangeet 1829 and The Universal Religion 1829. In 1826, at the age of 17, he joined the Hindu College as a teacher and taught there till 1831. In 1872 the Government passed the Native Civil Marriages Act legalising marriages performed according to Brahmo Samaj rites. Jyotiba Phule was one of the prominent social reformers of the nineteenth century India. Became well-known within a very short life span. Swami Vivekananda : Narendra Nath Dutta, better known as Swami Vivekananda, was the most illustrious disciple of Sri Ramakrishna.
Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa was a popular saint of India. Ambedkar spent his whole life fighting against social discrimination, the system of Chaturvarna — the Hindu categorization of human society into four varnas — and the Hindu caste system. Abdul Latif also tried to remove social abuses and promote Hindu- Muslim unity. A chapter on caves in Kurnool was replaced with similar ones in Telangana. At a time when the nation was in despair, he preached the gospel of strength and self-reliance.
Vidyasagar was a well-known writer, intellectual and above all a staunch follower of humanity. It provided relief during famines, earthquakes and epidemics. Swami Vivekananda was one of the most influential spiritual leaders of Vedanta philosophy. The primary facets of this new movement were monotheism, independence from the scriptures and renouncing the caste system. His contributions lay not only in the techniques but also in the refreshing, original and modern outlook and a deep humanistic spirit that he instilled in Telugu literature. The Arya Samaj made significant contributions to the fields of education and social and religious reforms.
In the 19th century India no one would have dreamt of educating their girls. Ramakrishna Paramhansa was one of the foremost Hindu spiritual leaders of the country. More than 14000 have been discovered to date on copper plate and stone inscriptions. They condemned religious rites and the rituals, and pleaded for eradication of social evils, female education and improvement in the condition of women. In 1942, he started to give discourses at the Srimad Bhagavad Gita Pathshala, a centre set up by his father in 1926.
Dayanand Saraswati was one of the most radical socio-religious reformers in the history of India. In earlier times, remarriages of widows would occur sporadically only among progressive members of the Brahmo Samāj. India has produced numerous social reformers who have played a significant role in making India a more progressive and forward looking country. In 1954, he attended the Second World Philosophers Conference, held in Japan. The committee on Telugu syllabus was involved in a serious exercise to overhaul the syllabus for three to four months. That group of articles has come to be known in Marathi literature as Lokhitwadinchi Shatapatre.