However, speculating as to why this correlation exists, and offering a hypothesis about what may be happening, belongs in the discussion section of your paper. Both approaches are appropriate in how you report your findings, but choose only one format to use. Each idea became slightly more focused, ending with a brief description of your particular experiment. Implications Another aspect of making clear the contribution of your research is to draw out the implications of your findings. If you are using quantitative data, be careful about how many statistical tests you run. This one is especially important in field research— work done outside the laboratory. How should I organise my chapter — by themes or by research questions? Sequence the writers, so somebody does one section and someone else does another.
Ensure that graphs and tables are appropriately explained, but that the information provided is not duplicated. The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper. Surprisingly, you often cannot tell whether 2 reported samples are partially overlapping, the same, or distinct. The first method is to present the results and add a short discussion explaining them at the end, before leading into the discussion proper. Well, your findings chapter is sort of like a really lame movie script.
You are leading the reader on a journey, so make sure they stay on the path and arrive at the final destination with you! In deciding what data to describe in your results section, you must clearly distinguish information that would normally be included in a research paper from any raw data or other content that could be included as an appendix. Write the : Interpretation of your results includes discussing how your results modify and fit in with what we previously understood about the problem. Here the first one or two sentences transition from your previous paragraph, state your next point or thesis then introduce your evidence for example state the question it was answering. That way you will know whether they got the message. A common limitation of academic articles found in research papers is that the premises of the methodology are not backed by reasons on how they help achieve the aims of the article. The introduction should be about one page.
However, if the summary was written with the purpose of being included in a paper that you are currently writing, you may want to stick to how that certain article relates to your paper. Pick quotes that accurately represent your theme. You may find techniques like mind mapping are helpful in making a first outline; check out our page: for some ideas about how to think through your ideas. In this case, highlighting these themes in your findings chapter may be the most appropriate way to proceed. Make the results exciting, but do not hype. It is not uncommon to have unanticipated results that are not relevant to answering the research question.
Evans and Gruba suggest you try these techniques: Activity 1. You don't want to overwhelm someone who is going to mark your work and who is responsible for your success or failure. Creating sub-sections How you choose to organise your discussion is entirely up to you. Even if you didn't use focus groups, participants should be grouped into relevant categories, such as age, sex, income, education or profession. Make sure you can justify why you chose one particular test over another. The Discussion section needs to follow from your results and relate back to your.
The larger the number of participants the more significant the numbers. For each of these graduates, their work with children was clearly the area of their professional lives that was bringing the most satisfaction, although there were some challenges identified. For example, you may have noticed an unusual correlation between two variables during the analysis of your results. If you are also providing a discussion of the results in this section, your discussion should be related back to your conceptual framework. Return several days later and read the reviews again.
In this chapter I shall try to show to what extent our texts conform to vernacular conventions of a well-told story of a saint, and in what ways they had to modify their originals to do so, attempting also to identify some of the individual characteristics of the three poems. In terms of presentation, both the findings and discussion chapters will benefit from a clear and logical introduction and chapter summary. Take each section and read it several times, considering your highlighted notes. You usually present the data you obtained in appropriate figures diagrams, graphs, tables and photographs and you then comment on this data. What they want to know is what was the issue. Some journals restrict length a lot—some less so, which might be a consideration in choosing a journal.
We will use the model of Description — Analysis — Synthesis, which are typically the three components readers expect to see in these two sections. Doing Your Education Research Project. You might be better off structuring your findings chapter in relation to your research questions or your hypotheses. This type of academic work has more parts than a regular paper. How to Write a Better Thesis 2nd ed.
Does your research raise any new questions? As you become more skilled writing research papers, you may want to meld the results of your study with a discussion of its implications. Whenever you use a percentage in tables and elsewhere , give the numerator and denominator so the reader can see how you derived it. Be sure not to include any subjective interpretation of the results. You may need to update the significance to beef up the introduction and to cite the newest relevant literature. I have known PhD researchers use really quite a lot of data perhaps as much as 30% of the total word count and have been passed first time.