If you want to write about Federalist No. The Founders recognized the importance of unity, and the desire to preserve unity is what drove James Madison to write Federalist No. Under such a regulation, it may well happen that the public voice pronounced by the representatives of the people, will be more consonant to the public good, than if pronounced by the people themselves convened for the purpose. . The smaller the society, the fewer probably will be the distinct parties and interests composing it; the fewer the distinct parties and interests, the more frequently will a majority be found of the same party; and the smaller the number of individuals composing a majority, and the smaller the compass within which they are placed, the more easily will they concert and execute their plans of oppression.
From this view of the subject, it may be concluded that a pure democracy, by which I mean a society, consisting of a small number of citizens, who assemble and administer the government in person, can admit of no cure for the mischiefs of faction. However, there are also other parties, such as the Libertarian Party, the Green Party, the Constitution Party, and the Socialist Party of the United States of America. But Madison's greatness as a statesmen rests in part on his ability to set his limited personal experience in the context of the experience of men in other ages and times, thus giving extra insight to his political formulations. A republic, by which I mean a government in which the scheme of representation takes place, opens a different prospect, and promises the cure for which we are seeking. Justice ought to hold the balance between them.
After all, people of different economic, social, religious, and ethnic backgrounds are bound to disagree over issues, and consequently, ally themselves with those who are similar. A landed interest, a manufacturing interest, a mercantile interest, a monied interest, with many lesser interests, grow up of necessity in civilized nations, and divide them into different classes, actuated by different sentiments and views. Why is Federalist Number 10 Important? As long as the reason of man continues fallible, and he is at liberty to exercise it, different opinions will be formed. The communications and ease of transportation throughout the country is daily improved. On the other hand, the effect may be inverted.
Like Washington, Madison felt the revolution had not resolved the social problems that had triggered it, and the excesses ascribed to the King were now being repeated by the state legislatures. We are beginning to see some hope with the representatives that have been elected to uphold Tea Party principles turning against their party leaders when necessary to vote for the people. It must be confessed that in this, as in most other cases, there is a mean, on both sides of which inconveniences will be found to lie. This volume, titled The Federalist, was released on March 2, 1788. The two Federalist essays, which are highly regarded today, are the numbers 10 and 51.
In his book 1913 , Beard argued that Madison produced a detailed explanation of the economic factors that lay behind the creation of the Constitution. The instability, injustice and confusion introduced into the public councils, have in truth been the mortal diseases under which popular governments have every where perished; as they continue to be the favorite and fruitful topics from which the adversaries to liberty derive their most specious declamations. Of modern editions, Jacob E. An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States. He will not fail, therefore, to set a due value on any plan which, without violating the principles to which he is attached, provides a proper cure for it.
But it could not be less folly to abolish liberty, which is essential to political life, because it nourishes faction, than it would be to wish the annihilation of air, which is essential to animal life, because it imparts to fire its destructive agency. However anxiously we may wish that these complaints had no foundation, the evidence of known facts will not permit us to deny that they are in some degree true. Here, again, the extent of the union gives it the most palpable advantage. A rage for paper money, for an abolition of debts, for an equal division of property, or for any other improper or wicked project, will be less apt to pervade the whole body of the Union than a particular member of it; in the same proportion as such a malady is more likely to taint a particular county or district, than an entire State. Fame and the Founding Fathers. Yet the parties are and must be themselves the judges; and the most numerous party, or, in other words, the most powerful faction must be expected to prevail. He further said that the reason of faction-development is the basic nature that man is endowed with, willingly or unwillingly.
Nor, in many cases, can such an adjustment be made at all without taking into view indirect and remote considerations, which will rarely prevail over the immediate interest which one party may find in disregarding the rights of another or the good of the whole. The Authority of Publius: A Reading of the Federalist Papers. No man is allowed to be a judge in his own cause, because his interest would certainly bias his judgment, and, not improbably, corrupt his integrity. They are not found to be such on the injustice and violence of individuals, and lose their efficacy in proportion to the number combined together; that is, in proportion as their efficacy becomes needful. A pure Democracy cannot be an effective government if the governed occupy a large area with many citizens and diverse interests because the requirement for every citizen to assemble and vote on every issue would be impractical and unworkable. It is interesting to see how he took these scattered and incomplete fragments and built them into an intellectual and theoretical structure of his own. Many of the essays in the Federalist Papers present an argument for why the states should ratify the U.
Background Information The Federalist Papers are a series of 85 essays arguing in support of the United States Constitution. From this view of the subject, it may be concluded, that a pure Democracy, by which I mean, a Society, consisting of a small number of citizens, who assemble and administer the Government in person, can admit of no cure for the mischiefs of faction. However, the possibility of this happening in a large country, such as the United States, is greatly reduced. Constitution, while the Anti-Federalists did not. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984. The natural limit of a republic is the distance from the center that will barely allow the representatives to meet as often as necessary to administer public affairs. As long as the reason of man continues fallible, and he is at liberty to exercise it, different opinions will be formed.
But it could not be a less folly to abolish liberty, which is essential to political life, because it nourishes faction, than it would be to wish the annihilation of air, which is essential to animal life because it imparts to fire its destructive agency. The protection of these faculties is the first object of Government. But the most common and durable source of factions, has been the various and unequal distribution of property. In Madison's view more factions would make it less likely that any one party or coalition of parties would be able to gain control of government and invade the rights of other citizens. The forerunner of The Federalist No.
Madison defines a faction as a group of citizens who unite under a shared cause, and work against other groups in order to achieve their means. With pure democracy, he means a system in which every citizen votes directly for laws, and, with republic, he intends a society in which citizens elect a small body of representatives who then vote for laws. And as I read this keep in mind some of these ideas, these flavors of democracy that we have talked about in other videos. On the other hand, the effect may be inverted. There is nothing in the constitution preventing this behavior nor should there be.