This revived interest in the notion of decentralization. Now the constitutional scheme needs to be worked out in practice. To fully secure the constitutional validity of zamindari abolition laws and to place reasonable restriction on freedom of speech. It may also make any provision for the constitution of committees in addition to the wards committees. Under article 243Y, it makes it mandatory for every state to establish a state finance commission as it is defined by article 243I.
The Act provides that a Gram Sabha is to be constituted in each village, exercising such powers and performing such functions at the village- level as the State Act may provide. The State budget for 1998-99, presented in the State Assembly on March 23, proposes to arm panchayts with a wide range of new functions in education, health and rural electrification sectors. Powers, Authority and Responsibilities of Municipalities : Subject to the provisions of the constitution, the legislature of state may by law, endow: a The municipalities with such power and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as Institutions of self-government and such law may contain provision for the devolution of powers and responsibilities upon municipalities, subject to such conditions as may be specified therein, with respect to i The preparation of plans for economic development and social justice. Cole on the Essay on 73rd constitutional amendment to Panchayati Raj SystemEssay on the Dragonets of 73rd Constitutional Enthusiasm Act, 1992 By The 73rd Template Amendment makes the usual of Gram Sabha circular. The act leaves it to the discretion of the state to work out the arrangement in this regard. Development paradigm suffered hitherto due to an overemphasis on macro concerns.
ToSet up institutional mechanism to facilitate decentralization 2. The taxes, duties, tolls and fees to be levied by them and assigned to them and the grants-in—aid to be given to them are left to the discretion of the state governments Ibid. Under the new scheme, village panchayts would be granted direct control over officials functioning in their jurisdictions. Prasad, Nageshwar, 1984, Decentralisation in Historical Perspective, Gandhian Institute of Studies, Varanasi. Under this amendment the governing members of the municipal corporation are being elected by the people through an election in a similar way in which the members of the lok sabha are elected, the election is conducted, managed and regulated by the state election commission. The progress towards the envisaged reforms was extremely slow and one of the prime reasons behind this was stated to be the low levels of incentive to carry out reforms. Hence the chief but unrecognised player in the venture is the bureaucracy.
Regulation of slaughterhouses and tanneries. It has been argued that a uniform arrangement in the environment of huge diversity and valid clear-cut differences shall not be possible to achieve some uniform arrangement for all local regions. This is critical since the main problem that the local units have always faced hitherto, has Features of 73rd and 74th Amendment 229 been lack of financial resources. Since the 74th amendment act does not define the population size and leaves it to the government to decide, which it does quite arbitrarily at present. Amend schedules 1 and 4. Decentralization is not an end in itself, but it depends on the circumstances under which decentralization occurs.
In many states local bodies have become weak and ineffective on account of a variety of reasons, including the failure to hold regular elections, prolonged super-sessions and inadequate devolution of powers and functions. Therefore, decentralized governance is an alternative strategy of development, which is people-centred, participatory and bottom- up development mechanism. It is this, more than the creeping decay of centralized governance that has impelled political parties to turn their attention towards decentralized governance. This shows that that 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments Acts satisfy essential pre-requisites of decentralised planning. The crucial challenge ahead was the upliftment of the rural masses from an utmost poverty.
These committees endeavour to provide newer dimension for the role of citizens and its elected representatives in preparation of plans for their respective regions, infrastructure plan being it most important component. Major cause of this attitude is that the people look towards the municipal bodies with inherent suspicion and take it for granted that their problems and grievances will not be taken care of. If the aim is to establish a democratic society, where change is brought about by voluntary consent and willing cooperation and not by the force of arms, there may be no alternative to Panchayati Raj or Local Self Government Institutions. The 73rd Relative Amendment Act, 1992 has gone a little new ground. It may also provide the representation of persons having special knowledge or experience in municipal administration, the members of the Lok Sabha, the state legislative assembly, the Rajya Sabha and state legislative council and the chairpersons of committees. The amendment devolved a package of powers and functions, to Panchayati Raj institutions. These include control and inspection of the schemes and programmes launched by the Departments of food and supplies, Education, Public Health, Women and Child Welfare, Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry, Forests, etc.
As most of the municipalities are badly governed, no private party is willing to shake hands with the municipal authorities. Finance Commission: The Finance commission which is constituted for the Panchayats shall also, for every five years, review the financial position of municipalities and make recommendation to the Governor as to: i The principles which should govern: a The distribution between the state and the municipalities, the net proceeds of the taxes, duties, tolls and fee levied by the state. Panchayat leaders have to tender their resignations to bureaucrats. The second type amendments that are made to the constitution are amendments 3, 6, 7, 8, 13, 14, 15, 16, 22, 23, 24, 25, 28, 30, 31, 32, 35, 36, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 51, 54, 61, 62, 70, 73, 74, 75, 79, 84, 88, 95, 99 and 101. It is hoping that with this Indian democracy could become a unique model for the rest of the world. As per the 74 th Constitutional Amendment Act, the members of the urban local bodies have to be elected by the people of the city, this what has been implemented in the Chandigarh Municipal Corporation as well, but as the members of the municipal board belong to different political parties, there has been difference of opinion regarding decision making and implementation of project, which in turn delays or either sabotages the developmental or infrastructural initiative by the Chandigarh municipal corporation at times, here there has not been a failure of the act, but this is because of different political parties acting as per their own vested interest. But assets were not being utilised properly.
Amend articles 101, 102, 190 and 191. We must realize that due to the new system gradually consciousness is coming among such sections of the rural community and they have raised their voice against exploitation and excess. It is also expected to look into the criteria for grants-in-aid and suggest measures needed to improve the financial position of the Municipalities. Amendment of articles 248, 249, 250, 268, 269, 270, 271, 286, 366, 368, Sixth Schedule, Seventh Schedule. India Today, March 13, 2006. It is also expected to look into the criteria for grants-in-aid and suggest measures needed to improve the financial position of the Municipalities. Amend articles 13 and 368.