As adults, Southern men tended to belong to the Democratic political party and gravitated toward military careers as well as agriculture. The Battle of Antietam, as it was called in the North, was the bloodiest single day in American history. They were trying to keep slavery intact, they were trying to keep their property, their slaves, and they were trying to keep their plantations able to run by keeping those slaves. Instead of becoming Yankee-like, they dreamed of buying land and a few slaves and retiring as a Southern gentleman on their small plantation. Women of the landed gentry in the South were put on pedestals, and they had slaves to do their work. James McPherson detailed that honor, duty, patriotism and ideology formed the main sustaining motivations for the Civil War, while courage, self-respect and group cohesion kept men going in combat.
In 1861, the Civil War erupted between the two sides, and much of the conflict surrounded regional differences. As a result, in the North, women and children were typically in the workplace as well as the men. Soldiers adopted it as their own pastime while in camp or prison. To the east, Confederate attempted to invade Kentucky, but was repelled at on October 8. In the early 1800s, many Northerners belonged to the Whig Party, while Southerners tended towards the Democrats.
In 1860, the South had about 8 million whites, compared to about 20 million in the North. The south believed they had the right to lead their lives as they saw fit. What were the two immigrant groups that came to the U. Britain had ended slavery in the 1830s, and France in 1848. These women proved to the skeptical army doctors that they had the courage and ability to be nurses under terrible conditions. By 1840 there were 1,200 cotton-goods factories in the United States, two-thirds of them in New England, which was importing cotton from the South and using water power from its rivers. Slavery in the United states proved too difficult to progress, mostly economically.
Most slave owners owned fewer than five slaves, and only 12 percent of Southerners had twenty or more slaves. A small house would be built, usually of sod or possibly logs. Point out the differences between the North and South. Once the men left for war, women tried to keep the farms going. So, most importantly, perhaps, for the Union, they had a huge advantage in troops.
Before the cotton boom, it actually looked like slavery would die out. As the war began, the Confederacy benefited from several gifted leaders, while the North endured a string of poor commanders. People on the home front had to deal with inflation, lack of supplies, sicknesses and long times with no news of their loved ones. Farm women cared for the children and elderly, and performed housekeeping chores, such as sewing, weaving, spinning, preparing and preserving food. So, they had something really tangible to fight for, where the North was just fighting to keep the Union together.
From time to time, Confederate cavalry raided into the North to bring the war home to Northerners and, they hoped, to influence Northern morale and support for the war. This is causing … the greatest resentment in the North at the present time. Social Systems Slavery is the most obvious example of social inequality in the South prior to and during the civil war. Political Systems The sides were clearly divided on the issue of state's rights. The North began to harbor social change and the abolitionist movement.
Most were recent immigrants, who squeezed whole families of 8 to 10 people into one or two rooms. A fierce three day battle brought the highest casualties of the war—about 50,000 men from both sides. Only one-tenth of Southerners lived in urban areas and transportation between cities was difficult, except by water. For example, students could write journal entries in the voice of someone working during the period before the Civil War in either a plantation or a factory, describing key elements of their workday based on the photographs, maps, diagrams, songs, and sketches studied in the lesson. The South relied heavily on slaves to keep the economy running. That meant that the Union was going to be able to be twice as connected. The South The citizens of the South faced many of the same hardships as those of the North.
Because the south was very rural and settlements were spreed out, transportation was complected. Library of Congress The fertile soil and warm climate of the South made it ideal for large-scale farms and crops like tobacco and cotton. In the 1850s a boom in railroad development across the North was changing business organization and management and reducing freight costs. This reorganization was a huge factor in the disintegration of the union. So, the South had to overcome that. The North was also more in favour of the National government having more power than the states.
The Southern states relied heavily on exporting cotton and other produce to Europe and, in order to make a profit on these exports, relied on slave labour. But his daughter kille … d the leader of the ringwraiths, so it all balanced out. According to the 1860 census it was 3,953,760, almost all in the South. When the men went to war, the women took over businesses as much as they could. Slaves did most of the work on the plantations. The North and South had common religious denominations, such as the Methodists and Baptists, but social and economic circumstances had split the way they viewed the world and had split these denominations into Northern and Southern halves.