The slave population, which numbered about four thousand in Virginia and Maryland in 1675, grew significantly to the end of the century. These settlers voyaged to America for either religious freedom or to start a new life. The New England colony who came to the new world for religious freedom practiced Christianity. Later, in the late 1700's, these two areas would bond to become one nation. Malaria outbreaks have been cited as having a vast influence upon the death rates of the Chesapeake area. Although it was intended as a refuge for Catholics a significant part of the population was Protestants and Protestants gained control of the colony during the. The settlers in the New England region sought out religious freedom opposed to pursuit for economic liberty in the Chesapeake region.
By the early 18th century the had restricted the immigration of to the colonies which caused a growing number of and Germans to emigrate. Although both were settled vastly by the English people the societies they formed were different. Pennsylvania grew rapidly because it was the best advertised of all the colonies and no restrictions were placed on immigration to the colony. Toward the end of the colonial era, churchgoing reached at least 60 percent in all the colonies. Originally discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492 in search for a trade route to Cathay China , North America remained uninhabited, excluding the Native American establishments.
Anglican included Presbyterian and Baptist. In 1674, Berkeley sold West New Jersey to a group of Quakers who were trying to escape persecution. They were told that the worldly order bore no relationship to the divine and that the standards set by men were not those of God. On their way to Carolina they stopped at the English colonies of Bermuda and Barbados to pick up more experienced settlers. New England The majority of those who settled New England and the Chesapeake Colonies were from England however, both groups came to the New World for different reasons, settled different areas, and therefore upheld two distinct societies.
Fortunately, Governor Berkeley decided that Bacon's actions were excessive and recalled him, but Bacon's army then rebelled against the colonial government and burned Jamestown. Even though the two areas were formed and governed by the English, the colonies had similarities as well as differences. To perpetuate this goal, land grants were limited to small plots, rum and other spirits were banned, and slavery was prohibited. They were bred with area dogs, with more consideration given to ability than to breed, to create the beginnings of the Chesapeake Bay Retriever breed. During the late 16th century and into the 17th century, two colonies emerged from England in the New World.
Their economy was mainly based on the tobacco and slave trading industries. The council generally consisted of 12 residents of their colony. In 1649, under Baltimore's urging, the colonial assembly passed the Act of Religious Toleration, the first law in the colonies granting freedom of worship, albeit only for Christians. Although this patron-client relationship was later restructured in the eighteenth century as capital and labor increased, the reality was that merchants continued to disproportionately benefit from both the fishing and farming industries of New England. Religion was a main aspect in the differences between New England and Chesapeake. Rice emerged as the principle export crop for the colony in the 1690s. Books and pamphlets imported from London retained the English culture and a sense of civic responsibility.
Early in the seventeenth century, the status of slave and indentured servant was quite similar. Soon after the settlement of Philadelphia, the first migration of Germans to North America took place, creating the city of Germantown. William I was finally crowned and became King. Religion thus was of secondary importance in the Virginia colony. The Chesapeake Colonies was a legislative owned by aristocrats.
Much like the north, this was the result of the proliferation of churches, new clerical codes and bodies, and a religion that became more organized and uniformly enforced. In New England, unity was a way of life. The role that reading and writing would play in shaping a more cohesive and empowered slave community can be easily imagined, but it also reinforced the broader message of human equality within the New Light gospel. In fact, in Virginia they bragged that you couldn't find a printing press in the entire state. The was also a major factor in the of , which exported an average of 54,000 deer skins per year between 1699 and 1715. On the other hand, in New England the people settled in a much more moderate climate and lived in a healthier society that was concerned about the other citizens.
Therefore, it cannot be denied as a significant cause of the contrast. Despite the fact that the English settlers of the New England and Chesapeake regions had similar colonial development, by the eighteenth century they had become into two, individual societies. The Chesapeake region offered little economic opportunity to indentured servants who had completed their term of obligation. The English started emigrated to the New World around the early 1600s; they settles in regions including the New England and the Chesapeake region and by the 18th century these two regions had developed their own society. Not more than that it actually excised.