Probably the number would not exceed 200. Only muslims belonging to Congress attended the meeting. We can realize what would have been of the country if this plan was approved and implemented. Such a rigidity was counted as a grave defect in the plan. The mission held talks with the representatives of the Indian National Congress and All India Muslim League for two weeks. The Congress, the Muslim League, and the Commission including the Viceroy met at Shimla on May 2, 1946 and a number of formal and informal conferences took place till May, 12. It wrecked the national unity and disintegrated the transport, the post and telegraph and the defence services.
The groupings plan maintained India's unity but the organisation's leadership and most of all Nehru increasingly believed that the scheme would leave the centre without the strength to achieve the party's ambitions. Moreover, in reply to a question to Mr. The constitution-making machinery to arrive at a constitution on the above basis shall be as following:- A. He believed that provincial groupings could best secure this. It vehemently demanded the withdrawal of the nasty system of Grouping. The representative character of the Interim Government stood challenged if an official was included in it.
I have also stated that we do not approve of sub-federations or groupings of provinces in the manner suggested, and are wholly opposed to parity in executives or legislatures as between wholly unequal groups. Speeches of prominent members of the Congress at the A. This site is like a library, you could find million book here by using search box in the widget. An interim government enjoying the support of the major political parties shall be formed as early as possible, which will convene a Constituent Assembly to frame the Constitution of India. Moreover, the Congress could not include a Muslim in its quota of representatives which apart from doing injustice to the nationalist Muslims, strongly undermined the national character of the Congress. The onus was now on the Congress. The two parties had performed well in the elections and had emerged as the two main parties in the subcontinent, the provincial organisations having been defeated.
Here's how to find plans for just about any project online. The Congress did not concede this demand. Thus the Congress decided to join the Constituent Assembly for framing the Constitution of free India but not opt for the Interim Cabinet. Since the Indian political parties could not come to an agreed settlement, the Cabinet Mission held discussions among themselves and framed their proposals. Attlee was of the view that a stage had been reached when suspense was most undesirable. For the purpose of such reconsideration a body shall be constituted on the same basis as the original Constituent Assembly and with the same provisions as to voting and shall have power to amend the constitution in any way decided upon. In fact, the Congress took it as an insult to have been kept at par with a communal organization like Muslim League.
Hence he thought it undesirable to proceed with one part Elections to the Constituent Assembly of the plan and to postpone the other. Upon arriving in the subcontinent the mission found both parties, the Indian National Congress and Muslim League, more unwilling than ever to reach a settlement. And, in any event, you can bet that Group B would have ceded many subjects to the Center so Nehru would have got the same India as today plus in the worst case scenario the Muslim majority provinces would have been part of the country even if it was with autonomy. It was not to extend to only Sikhs and Muslims. I hope that India may elect to remain within the British Commonwealth. The United Kingdom Cabinet Mission of 1946 came to aimed to discuss the transfer of power from the to the Indian leadership, with the aim of preserving India's unity and granting it independence.
On September 2, 1946, the Interim Government was installed in The Viceroy resumed negotiations again with Jinnah who decided to enter Interim Government after great persuasion on October 13, 1946. The states The basis of cooperation of the states in the new Indian Union to be determined by negotiations. It can however do harm to the Muslims. That would be most unjust and unfair to that community, v Even from administrative, economic and military point of view, West Pakistan would be separated from East by hundreds of miles of stretch of land under India which would make communication between these two arms of Pakistan during war and peace difficult. Hence before coming to its drawbacks, we will say a few words about the merits of the Plan.
The elected members of the communities in the Provincial Assemblies were to elect their representatives to the Constituent Assembly. The representatives of all shades of opinion were heard. Gandhi With Lord Pethick-Lawrence, Leader Of The Cabinet Mission, April 1946 The three-tier constitution was a delicate mechanism with numerous checks and balances. The mission proposed a complicated system for India with three tiers: the provinces, provincial groupings and the centre. Planning can only be done effectively at the Centre, though the Provinces or units will give effect to it in their respective areas. As such, they would be at the mercy of India.
Thousands were injured and property worth crores of rupees was destroyed. I have pointed out above some of the obvious defects, as we see them, in the proposals contained in your memorandum. Hence the Congress refused to join the Interim Government. His only justification for not tearing up the fraud and walking out of the interim government was that they did not wish to add to our enemies. If there is no agreement on this or any similar matter, we are prepared to leave it to arbitration. The compulsory grouping of the Provinces was to be suicidal to their interest. Thereafter the three bodies will meet together to settle the constitution for the Union on the lines agreed in paragraphs 1-7 above.
Two more Muslims were to be appointed later. Engineer, an official, was also objected by the Congress. The coming events were casting their shadow before. British Cabinet Mission Plan 1946—How to Select Woodworking Layout Software Generations of woodworking fanatics now have access to layout software program that assists them develop original projects. In the Union Constituent Assembly, resolutions regarding the distribution of subjects between the Centre and the Provinces or raising any major communal issue were to be passed by a majority of representatives present and voting, of each of the two major communities.