It also emphasized that the state should safeguard the interest of industrial workers and should secure for them by suitable legislation a living wage, healthy conditions of work, limited hours of work, suitable machinery for the settlement of disputes consequences of old age sickness and unemployment. Workers are like children who are intelligent, but not fully so. He or she holds it for his or her use, no doubt, but also for the benefit of his or her wokers, if not for the whole society. If workers are fed properly, clothed adequately and treated kindly, and if the conditions of their work are congenial, they will work efficiently. The Trusteeship Theory : This is also called the Paternalistic Theory of Labour Welfare. ~ Provident Fzinds and Mi.
Some employers proudly take their visitors round the plant to show how well they have organised their welfare activities. The Police Theory : This is based on the contention that a minimum standard of welfare is necessary for labourers. In other words, labour welfare is an end itself and the development of loyalty towards the employer and increase in efficiency is only incidental. Unemployment, Welfare, Welfare fraud 1496 Words 4 Pages The welfare effects of unrestricted labour migration in a two nation world economy. In fact, welfare facilities are not restricted to the workers alone. It takes the form of pensions to the elderly, sick, or disabled or income supplements for those with low income.
The religious basis of welfare however can not be rational. Religion Theory: The religion theory has two connotations, namely, the investment and atonement aspects. These facilities are not seen anywhereelse. Some people take up welfare work in a spirit of atonement for their sins. Women workers: legislations and empowerment.
Allegations of welfare fraud and abuse increased proportionally. These agencies have provided various welfare activities, like education, indoor and outdoor games, establishment of co-operative societies, night schools and libraries etc. The Third Plan points out that despite the operation of the subsidised Industrial Housing Scheme, for some years, housing of industrial workers has not made much progress and in many cases it has actually deteriorated. It will beprovided over and above regular wages. This shows a definite affect over the production potential. Labour welfare improves physical, mental and moral conditions of worker. Strengthening of Medical wing of the Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health There are different types of industries in Maharashtra like heavy and light engineering, heavy and light chemical industries, petrochemicals, pesticides, fertilizers, textile and Electronic Industries.
National Economy: In enacting labour legislation, the general economic situation of the country has to be borne in mind lest the very objective of the legislation be defeated. The state governmentis empowered to make rules in respect of standards, equipment and facilities. Welfare facilities may be provided on religious, philanthropic or some other grounds. But all this will depend on a healthy collaboration between union and management and their mutual concern for the growth and development of the organization. Classical liberalism, Conservatism, Economics 2193 Words 6 Pages force by providing welfare facilities.
So far, 8 meetings of this committee have been held. Infect the welfare facilities are not restricted to the workers alone. Towards this end, the Minimum Wages Act was passed in 1948 to provide for the fixation and revision of wage rates in certain occupations. They felt that the workers welfare could not be treated at par with the problems of care, maintenance and up keep of machines. It is, therefore, concluded that labour welfare is a convenient term to cover all those aspects of industrial life which contribute to the well being of a worker.
This is a truism in the industrial system aswell. It may be started that the welfare activities may be provided by theemployer, the government, non-government organization and the tradeunions, while, what employees provide will be started later; the activitiesundertaken by other agencies are mentioned here. Each of these activities requires thought and understanding about what will work well and what may not. Further, statutory medical facilities were providedunder the Employees State Insurance Act, 1948. Because workers beings to feel interested in their work when they find that they are being well looked after. In bygone days, the government of the land had to compel the owner of an industrial establishment to provide such basic amenities as canteens, rest rooms, drinking water, good working conditions, and so forth, for their employees.
Chief Inspector of Factories, the Chief Inspector and from C. Hopkins - welfare is fundamentally a … n attitude of mind on the part of the management influencing the methods by which management activities are undertaken. Demonstrate your familiarity with the discussion set out in the course materials. The purpose of this essay is to look at the long history of the Welfare State in Britain and the evolving social, economic and political changes in society today, as well as the birth of the Welfare State after the Second World War which was the turning point watershed in British History. The National Commission on Labour, however, preferred to describe its approach as one in quest of industrial harmony rather than industrial peace as according to it the concept of industrial peace is somewhat negative and restrictive. There is the story of a big Jain employer who firmly held the belief that the provision of welfare facilities for workers was outside the duties of the management.
The Bonus scheme applies to all those earning less than Rs. The worker spends more than a quarter of his lifein his working place. Labour policy in India derives its philosophy and content from the Directive Principles of the Constitution and has been evolving in response to specific needs of the situation to suit requirements of planned economic development and social justice. Student hostels, drinking facilities, the rehabilitation of crippled persons, donations to religious and educational institutions, and so forth are examples of philanthropic deeds. Apparently, this theory assumes that man is selfish and self-centered, and always tries to achieve his own ends, even at the cost of the welfare of others.
The Hindustan Machine Tools has a big playground and a community hall, which are let out for competitions and functions. How do we control and reform the way people spend their welfare support? In short, the state assumes to role of a policeman, and compels the managers of industrial establishments to provide welfare facilities, and punishes the non-compiler. The Government feels that trade unions and voluntary organisations should take initiative and evince interest in starting and running such cooperatives. Medical Assistance Medicare , Food Assistance Food Stamps and. It is so happened that the children born to him died as soon as they were born. The high number of unemployed people caused the number of people who depend on government for income to increase rapidly.