Guru Nanak's words are registered in the form of 974 poetic hymns in the holy text of Sikhism, the , with some of the major prayers being the , the and the Sidh-Ghost. Guru Nanak Jayanti 2010 at , Maharashtra, India On the day of the Gurpurab, the celebrations commence early in the morning at about 4 to 5 a. It is part of Sikh religious belief that the spirit of Guru Nanak's sanctity, divinity and religious authority descended upon each of the nine subsequent Gurus when the Guruship was devolved on to them. He calculatedly tried to wean away his people from them. What worship is this, O Thou destroyer of birth? Here it would be pertinent to mention Bhai Gurdas's narration of Guru Nanak's encounter and dialogue with the Nath Yogis who were living an ascetic life of retreat in the remote hills.
The term revelation, clarify Cole and Sambhi, in Sikhism is not limited to the teachings of Nanak, they include all Sikh Gurus, as well as the words of past, present and future men and women, who possess divine knowledge intuitively through meditation. When Nanak became old enough, his father gave him the job of watching cattle. Secondlys it provided food to the needy. Gobind Singh Ji Longowal, President, S. He composed poetry in praise of one God, and set it to music. His birth is celebrated world-wide as Guru Nanak Gurpurab on Kartik Pooranmashi, the full-moon day in the month of Katak, October—November. He later shared his learnings with the world in the form of Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy book, that I turn to when things don't seem too upbeat.
The basic tenents of Sikhism were wilfully conceived by the people from all walks of life. So he set out in 1499 on his mission for the regeneration of humanity on this earth. All the prisoners were also released. He also rejected the Hindu caste system of Brahman hierarchy. For the same reason his followers all over the country were not recluses. Later on Guru Nanak provoke people of his religion to follow 8 principles to live life rightfully. It became an integral part of the moral life of the Sikhs.
He appointed able and committed followers as its head preacher of Sikhism. Nanak refused, objecting that the thread had no value because it would eventually wear out. He became the chief missionary agent of the Gurus. Again, it was Guru Nanak who emphasized that life is a game of love, and once on that path one should not shirk laying down one's life. His hymns became the sole guide and the scripture for his flock and were sung at the Dharamsalas. As a social reformer Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji upheld the cause of women, downtrodden and the poors.
Considering that a large number of his followers were of low caste and poor members of society, he, from the very start, made it clear that persons who wanted to maintain caste and class distinctions had no place in his system In fact, the twin duties of sharing one's income with the poor and doing away with social distinctions were the two obligations which every Sikh had to discharge. In that moment he was elevated to the heavenly state, where he received amrit, the drink of immortality -- in the form of the divine name. His religion was above the limits of caste, creed and country. It was a clear indication of his desire not to address the elite alone but the masses as well. His sister, Nanaki, lived with her husband in a town called Sultanpur. The complete text of The Sikh Religion online, including a highly detailed biography of Guru Nanak.
Scholars state that in its origins, Guru Nanak and Sikhism were influenced by the nirguni formless God tradition of in medieval India. It was Guru Nanak who chastised ascetics as idlers and condemned their practice of begging for food at the doors of the householders. These were caste and class distinctions, the institutions, of property and wealth, and poverty and scarcity of food. His life was a model for others to follow. He was a reformer as well as a revolutionary. Nanak's father often became very upset with him, and scolded him severely for his laziness.
Journeys Udasis The abandoned , located near the in , commemorates the site where Guru Nanak is popularly believed to have created a water-spring during one of his udasis Guru Nanak travelled extensively during his lifetime. He chose his successor and in his own life time established him as the future Guru or enlightener of the new community. Guru Nanak saw the world suffering out of hatred, fanaticism, falsehood and hypocrisy. Guru Nanak Ji translated all Holy Scriptures in layman language. Detailed exploration of Guru Nanak's life.
Otherwise, the old concepts, ritualistic practices, modes of worship and orthodox religions were bound to affect adversely the growth of his religion which had wholly a different basis and direction and demanded an entirely new approach. In Punjabi, the word Guru means both God and an enlightener or a prophet. Guru Nanak was born in 15 th century in Talwandi village which now belongs to Pakistan. In the morning, Japji was sung in the congregation. He is an illumined soul. He rejected the path of renunciation Tyaga or Yoga, the authority of the Vedas and the Hindu caste system. His family members were very worried as they had thought he died.
Give the water of Thy favour to the Sarang bird Nanak, so that he may dwell in Thy Name. After three days he returned with the message of god. . It was this community, with all kinds of its shackles broken and a new freedom gained, that bound its members with a new sense of cohesion, enabling it to rise triumphant even though subjected to the severest of political and military persecutions. The places where Sikh congregation and religious gatherings of his followers were held were called Dharamsalas. Apart from conveying his message and rendering help to the weak, he forcefully preached, both by precept and practice, against caste distinctions ritualism, idol worship and the pseudo-religious beliefs that had no spiritual content. He is not an incarnation of God, not even a prophet.
They represent answers to the major religious and social problems of the day and cogent responses to the situations and incidents that he came across. This unity of spiritual personality of all the Gurus has a theological and mystic implication. In 1485 he took up, at the instance of his brother-in-law, the appointment of an official in charge of the stores of Daulat Khan Lodhi, the Muslim ruler of the area at Sultanpur. I am not the ego-function: I am not the group of the vital breathforces; I am not intuitive intelligence buddhi. Nanak spent all the money feeding homeless, and hungry, holy men that he met on the way.